Microsoft Azure Administrator – Step by step Implement Backup virtual machines (part 16 of 17)

Student lab manual

Lab scenario

You have been tasked with evaluating the use of Azure Recovery Services for backup and restore of files hosted on Azure virtual machines and on-premises computers. In addition, you want to identify methods of protecting data stored in the Recovery Services vault from accidental or malicious data loss.

Objectives

In this lab, you will:

  • Task 1: Provision the lab environment
  • Task 2: Create a Recovery Services vault
  • Task 3: Implement Azure virtual machine-level backup
  • Task 4: Implement File and Folder backup
  • Task 5: Perform file recovery by using Azure Recovery Services agent
  • Task 6: Perform file recovery by using Azure virtual machine snapshots (optional)
  • Task 7: Review the Azure Recovery Services soft delete functionality (optional)

Estimated timing: 50 minutes

Instructions

Exercise 1

Task 1: Provision the lab environment

1.Sign in to the Azure portal.

2.In the Azure portal, open the Azure Cloud Shell by clicking on the icon in the top right of the Azure Portal.

3.If prompted to select either Bash or PowerShell, select PowerShell.

Note: If this is the first time you are starting Cloud Shell and you are presented with the You have no storage mounted message, select the subscription you are using in this lab, and click Create storage.

4.In the toolbar of the Cloud Shell pane, click the Upload/Download files icon, in the drop-down menu, click Upload and upload the files \Allfiles\Labs\10\az104-10-vms-edge-template.json and \Allfiles\Labs\10\az104-10-vms-edge-parameters.json into the Cloud Shell home directory.

AZ-104-MicrosoftAzureAdministrator/Allfiles/Labs/10 at master · MicrosoftLearning/AZ-104-MicrosoftAzureAdministrator · GitHub

5.From the Cloud Shell pane, run the following to create the resource group that will be hosting the virtual machines (replace the [Azure_region] placeholder with the name of an Azure region where you intend to deploy Azure virtual machines). Type each command line separately and execute them separately:

$location = ‘[Azure_region]’
$rgName = ‘az104-10-rg0’
New-AzResourceGroup -Name $rgName -Location $location

6.From the Cloud Shell pane, run the following to create the first virtual network and deploy a virtual machine into it by using the template and parameter files you uploaded:

New-AzResourceGroupDeployment`
-ResourceGroupName $rgName
-TemplateFile $HOME/az104-10-vms-edge-template.json
-TemplateParameterFile $HOME/az104-10-vms-edge-parameters.json
`
-AsJob

7.Minimize Cloud Shell (but do not close it).

Note: Do not wait for the deployment to complete but instead proceed to the next task. The deployment should take about 5 minutes.

Task 2: Create a Recovery Services vault

In this task, you will create a recovery services vault.

1.In the Azure portal, search for and select Recovery Services vaults and, on the Recovery Services vaults blade, click + Create.

2.On the Create Recovery Services vault blade, specify the following settings:

SettingsValue
Subscriptionthe name of the Azure subscription you are using in this lab
Resource groupthe name of a new resource group az104-10-rg1
Vault Nameaz104-10-rsv1
Regionthe name of a region where you deployed the two virtual machines in the previous task

Note: Make sure that you specify the same region into which you deployed virtual machines in the previous task.

3.Click Review + Create, ensure that the validation passed and click Create.

Note: Wait for the deployment to complete. The deployment should take less than 1 minute.

4.When the deployment is completed, click Go to Resource.

5.On the az104-10-rsv1 Recovery Services vault blade, in the Settings section, click Properties.

6.On the az104-10-rsv1 – Properties blade, click the Update link under Backup Configuration label.

7.On the Backup Configuration blade, note that you can set the Storage replication type to either Locally-redundant or Geo-redundant. Leave the default setting of Geo-redundant in place and close the blade.

Note: This setting can be configured only if there are no existing backup items.

8.Back on the az104-10-rsv1 – Properties blade, click the Update link under Security Settings label.

9.On the Security Settings blade, note that Soft Delete (For Azure Virtual Machines) is Enabled.

10.Close the Security Settings blade and, back on the az104-10-rsv1 Recovery Services vault blade, click Overview.

Task 3: Implement Azure virtual machine-level backup

In this task, you will implement Azure virtual-machine level backup.

Note: Before you start this task, make sure that the deployment you initiated in the first task of this lab has successfully completed.

1.On the az104-10-rsv1 Recovery Services vault blade, click Overview, then click + Backup.

2.On the Backup Goal blade, specify the following settings:

SettingsValue
Where is your workload running?Azure
What do you want to backup?Virtual machine

3.On the Backup Goal blade, click Backup.

4.On the Backup policy, review the DefaultPolicy settings and select Create a new policy.

5.Define a new backup policy with the following settings (leave others with their default values):

SettingValue
Policy nameaz104-10-backup-policy
FrequencyDaily
Time12:00 AM
Timezonethe name of your local time zone
Retain instant recovery snapshot(s) forDays(s)

6.Click OK to create the policy and then, in the Virtual Machines section, select Add.

7.On the Select virtual machines blade, select az-104-10-vm0, click OK, and, back on the Backup blade, click Enable backup.

Note: Wait for the backup to be enabled. This should take about 2 minutes.

8.Navigate back to the az104-10-rsv1 Recovery Services vault blade, in the Protected items section, click Backup items, and then click the Azure virtual machines entry.

9.On the Backup Items (Azure Virtual Machine) blade of az104-10-vm0, review the values of the Backup Pre-Check and Last Backup Status entries.

10.On the az104-10-vm0 Backup Item blade, click Backup now, accept the default value in the Retain Backup Till drop-down list, and click OK.

On the az104-10-vm0 Backup Item blade, click Backup now, accept the default value in the Retain Backup Till drop-down list, and click OK.

Task 4: Implement File and Folder backup

In this task, you will implement file and folder backup by using Azure Recovery Services.

1.In the Azure portal, search for and select Virtual machines, and on the Virtual machines blade, click az104-10-vm1.

2.On the az104-10-vm1 blade, click Connect, in the drop-down menu, click RDP, on the Connect with RDP blade, click Download RDP File and follow the prompts to start the Remote Desktop session.

Note: This step refers to connecting via Remote Desktop from a Windows computer. On a Mac, you can use Remote Desktop Client from the Mac App Store and on Linux computers you can use an open source RDP client software.

Note: You can ignore any warning prompts when connecting to the target virtual machines.

3.When prompted, sign in by using the Student username and Pa55w.rd1234 password.

Note: Because the Azure portal doesn’t support IE11 anymore, you’ll have to use the Microsoft Edge Browser for this task.

4.Within the Remote Desktop session to the az104-10-vm1 Azure virtual machine, start an Edge web browser, browse to the Azure portal, and sign in using your credentials.

5.In the Azure portal, search for and select Recovery Services vaults and, on the Recovery Services vaults, click az104-10-rsv1.

6.On the az104-10-rsv1 Recovery Services vault blade, click + Backup.

7.On the Backup Goal blade, specify the following settings:

SettingsValue
Where is your workload running?On-premises
What do you want to backup?Files and folders

Note: Even though the virtual machine you are using in this task is running in Azure, you can leverage it to evaluate the backup capabilities applicable to any on-premises computer running Windows Server operating system.

8.On the Backup Goal blade, click Prepare infrastructure.

9.On the Prepare infrastructure blade, click the Download Agent for Windows Server or Windows Client link.

10.When prompted, click Run to start installation of MARSAgentInstaller.exe with the default settings.

Note: On the Microsoft Update Opt-In page of the Microsoft Azure Recovery Services Agent Setup Wizard, select the I do not want to use Microsoft Update installation option.

11.On the Installation page of the Microsoft Azure Recovery Services Agent Setup Wizard, click Proceed to Registration. This will start Register Server Wizard.

12.Switch to the web browser window displaying the Azure portal, on the Prepare infrastructure blade, select the checkbox Already downloaded or using the latest Recovery Server Agent, and click Download.

13.When prompted, whether to open or save the vault credentials file, click Save. This will save the vault credentials file to the local Downloads folder.

14.Switch back to the Register Server Wizard window and, on the Vault Identification page, click Browse.

15.In the Select Vault Credentials dialog box, browse to the Downloads folder, click the vault credentials file you downloaded, and click Open.

16.Back on the Vault Identification page, click Next.

17.On the Encryption Setting page of the Register Server Wizard, click Generate Passphrase.

18.On the Encryption Setting page of the Register Server Wizard, click the Browse button next to the Enter a location to save the passphrase.

19.In the Browse For Folder dialog box, select the Documents folder and click OK.

20.Click Finish, review the Microsoft Azure Backup warning and click Yes, and wait for the registration to complete.

Note: In a production environment, you should store the passphrase file in a secure location other than the server being backed up.

21.On the Server Registration page of the Register Server Wizard, review the warning regarding the location of the passphrase file, ensure that the Launch Microsoft Azure Recovery Services Agent checkbox is selected and click Close. This will automatically open the Microsoft Azure Backup console.

22.In the Microsoft Azure Backup console, in the Actions pane, click Schedule Backup.

23.In the Schedule Backup Wizard, on the Getting started page, click Next.

24.On the Select Items to Backup page, click Add Items.

25.In the Select Items dialog box, expand C:\Windows\System32\drivers\etc\, select hosts, and then click OK:

26.On the Select Items to Backup page, click Next.

27.On the Specify Backup Schedule page, ensure that the Day option is selected, in the first drop-down list box below the At following times (Maximum allowed is three times a day) box, select 4:30 AM, and then click Next.

28.On the Select Retention Policy page, accept the defaults, and then click Next.

29.On the Choose Initial Backup type page, accept the defaults, and then click Next.

30.On the Confirmation page, click Finish. When the backup schedule is created, click Close.

31.In the Microsoft Azure Backup console, in the Actions pane, click Back Up Now.

Note: The option to run backup on demand becomes available once you create a scheduled backup.

32.In the Back Up Now Wizard, on the Select Backup Item page, ensure that the Files and Folders option is selected and click Next.

33.On the Retain Backup Till page, accept the default setting and click Next.

34.On the Confirmation page, click Back Up.

35.When the backup is complete, click Close, and then close Microsoft Azure Backup.

36.Switch to the web browser window displaying the Azure portal, navigate back to the Recovery Services vault blade, in the Protected items section, and click Backup items.

37.On the az104-10-rsv1 – Backup items blade, click Azure Backup Agent.

38.On the Backup Items (Azure Backup Agent) blade, verify that there is an entry referencing the C:\ drive of az104-10-vm1..

Task 5: Perform file recovery by using Azure Recovery Services agent (optional)

In this task, you will perform file restore by using Azure Recovery Services agent.

1.Within the Remote Desktop session to az104-10-vm1, open File Explorer, navigate to the C:\Windows\System32\drivers\etc\ folder and delete the hosts file.

2.Open Microsoft Azure Backup and click Recover data in the Actions pane. This will start Recover Data Wizard.

3.On the Getting Started page of Recover Data Wizard, ensue that This server (az104-10-vm1.) option is selected and click Next.

4.On the Select Recovery Mode page, ensure that Individual files and folders option is selected, and click Next.

5.On the Select Volume and Date page, in the Select the volume drop down list, select C:\, accept the default selection of the available backup, and click Mount.

Note: Wait for the mount operation to complete. This might take about 2 minutes

6.On the Browse And Recover Files page, note the drive letter of the recovery volume and review the tip regarding the use of robocopy.

7.Click Start, expand the Windows System folder, and click Command Prompt.

8.From the Command Prompt, run the following to copy the restore the hosts file to the original location (replace [recovery_volume] with the drive letter of the recovery volume you identified earlier):

robocopy [recovery_volume]:\Windows\System32\drivers\etc C:\Windows\system32\drivers\etc hosts /r:1 /w:1

9.Switch back to the Recover Data Wizard and, on the Browse and Recover Files, click Unmount and, when prompted to confirm, click Yes.

10.Terminate the Remote Desktop session.

Task 6: Perform file recovery by using Azure virtual machine snapshots (optional)

In this task, you will restore a file from the Azure virtual machine-level snapshot-based backup.

1.Switch to the browser window running on your lab computer and displaying the Azure portal.

2.In the Azure portal, search for and select Virtual machines, and on the Virtual machines blade, click az104-10-vm0.

3.On the az104-10-vm0 blade, click Connect, in the drop-down menu, click RDP, on the Connect with RDP blade, click Download RDP File and follow the prompts to start the Remote Desktop session.

Note: This step refers to connecting via Remote Desktop from a Windows computer. On a Mac, you can use Remote Desktop Client from the Mac App Store and on Linux computers you can use an open source RDP client software.

Note: You can ignore any warning prompts when connecting to the target virtual machines.

4.When prompted, sign in by using the Student username and Pa55w.rd1234 password.

Note: Because the Azure portal doesn’t support IE11 anymore, you’ll have to use the Microsoft Edge Browser for this task

5.Within the Remote Desktop session to the az104-10-vm0, click Start, expand the Windows System folder, and click Command Prompt.

6.From the Command Prompt, run the following to delete the hosts file:

del C:\Windows\system32\drivers\etc\hosts

Note: You will restore this file from the Azure virtual machine-level snapshot-based backup later in this task.

7.Within the Remote Desktop session to the az104-10-vm0 Azure virtual machine, start an Edge web browser, browse to the Azure portal, and sign in using your credentials.

8.In the Azure portal, search for and select Recovery Services vaults and, on the Recovery Services vaults, click az104-10-rsv1.

9.On the az104-10-rsv1 Recovery Services vault blade, in the Protected items section, click Backup items.

10.On the az104-10-rsv1 – Backup items blade, click Azure Virtual Machine.

11.On the Backup Items (Azure Virtual Machine) blade, click az104-10-vm0.

12.On the az104-10-vm0 Backup Item blade, click File Recovery

Note: You have the option of running recovery shortly after backup starts based on the application consistent snapshot.

13.On the File Recovery blade, accept the default recovery point and click Download Executable.

Note: The script mounts the disks from the selected recovery point as local drives within the operating system from which the script is run.

14.Click Download and, when prompted whether to run or save IaaSVMILRExeForWindows.exe, click Save.

15.Back in the File Explorer window, double-click the newly downloaded file.

16.When prompted to provide the password from the portal, copy the password from the Password to run the script text box on the File Recovery blade, paste it at the Command Prompt, and press Enter.

Note: This will open a Windows PowerShell window displaying the progress of the mount.Note: If you receive an error message at this point, refresh the web browser window and repeat the last three steps

17.Wait for the mount process to complete, review the informational messages in the Windows PowerShell window, note the drive letter assigned to the volume hosting Windows, and start File Explorer

18.In File Explorer, navigate to the drive letter hosting the snapshot of the operating system volume you identified in the previous step and review its content.

19.Switch to the Command Prompt window.

20.From the Command Prompt, run the following to copy the restore the hosts file to the original location (replace [os_volume] with the drive letter of the operating system volume you identified earlier):

robocopy [os_volume]:\Windows\System32\drivers\etc C:\Windows\system32\drivers\etc hosts /r:1 /w:1

21.Switch back to the File Recovery blade in the Azure portal and click Unmount Disks.

22.Terminate the Remote Desktop session.

Task 7: Review the Azure Recovery Services soft delete functionality

1.On the lab computer, in the Azure portal, search for and select Recovery Services vaults and, on the Recovery Services vaults, click az104-10-rsv1.

2.On the az104-10-rsv1 Recovery Services vault blade, in the Protected items section, click Backup items.

3.On the az104-10-rsv1 – Backup items blade, click Azure Backup Agent.

4.On the Backup Items (Azure Backup Agent) blade, click the entry representing the backup of az104-10-vm1.

5.On the C:\ on az104-10-vm1. blade, click the az104-10-vm1. link.

6.On the az104-10-vm1. Protected Servers blade, click Delete.

7.On the Delete blade, specify the following settings.

SettingsValue
TYPE THE SERVER NAMEaz104-10-vm1.
ReasonRecycling Dev/Test server
Commentsaz104 10 lab
SettingsValue
TYPE THE SERVER NAMEaz104-10-vm1.
ReasonRecycling Dev/Test server
Commentsaz104 10 lab

Note: Make sure to include the trailing period when typing the server name

8.Enable the checkbox next to the label There is backup data of 1 backup items associated with this server. I understand that clicking “Confirm” will permanently delete all the cloud backup data. This action cannot be undone. An alert may be sent to the administrators of this subscription notifying them of this deletion and click Delete.

9.Navigate back to the az104-10-rsv1 – Backup items blade and click Azure Virtual Machines

10.On the az104-10-rsv1 – Backup items blade, click Azure Virtual Machine.

11.On the Backup Items (Azure Virtual Machine) blade, click az104-10-vm0.

12.On the az104-10-vm0 Backup Item blade, click Stop backup.

13.

SettingsValue
Type the name of Backup itemaz104-10-vm0
ReasonOthers
Commentsaz104 10 lab

14.Navigate back to the az104-10-rsv1 – Backup items blade and click Refresh.

Note: The Azure Virtual Machine entry is still lists 1 backup item.

15.Click the Azure Virtual Machine entry and, on the Backup Items (Azure Virtual Machine) blade, click the az104-10-vm0 entry.

16.On the az104-10-vm0 Backup Item blade, note that you have the option to Undelete the deleted backup.

Note: This functionality is provided by the soft-delete feature, which is, by default, enabled for Azure virtual machine backups.

17.Navigate back to the az104-10-rsv1 Recovery Services vault blade, and in the Settings section, click Properties.

18.Navigate back to the az104-10-rsv1 Recovery Services vault blade, and in the Settings section, click Properties.

19.On the Security Settings blade, Disable Soft Delete (For workloads running in Azure) and click Save.

Note: This will not affect items already in soft delete state.

20.Close the Security Settings blade and, back on the az104-10-rsv1 Recovery Services vault blade, click Overview.

21.Navigate back to the az104-10-vm0 Backup Item blade and click Undelete.

22.On the Undelete az104-10-vm0 blade, click Undelete.

23.Wait for the undelete operation to complete, refresh the web browser page, if needed, navigate back to the az104-10-vm0 Backup Item blade, and click Delete backup data

24.On the Delete Backup Data blade, specify the following settings and click Delete:

SettingsValue
Type the name of Backup itemaz104-10-vm0
ReasonOthers
Commentsaz104 10 lab

Clean up resources

Note: Remember to remove any newly created Azure resources that you no longer use. Removing unused resources ensures you will not see unexpected charges.

1.In the Azure portal, open the PowerShell session within the Cloud Shell pane.

2.List all resource groups created throughout the labs of this module by running the following command:

Get-AzResourceGroup -Name ‘az104-10*’

3.Delete all resource groups you created throughout the labs of this module by running the following command:

Get-AzResourceGroup -Name ‘az104-10*’ | Remove-AzResourceGroup -Force -AsJob

Note: Optionally, you might consider deleting the auto-generated resource group with the prefix AzureBackupRG_ (there is no additional charge associated with its existence).

Note: The command executes asynchronously (as determined by the -AsJob parameter), so while you will be able to run another PowerShell command immediately afterwards within the same PowerShell session, it will take a few minutes before the resource groups are actually removed.

Review

In this lab, you have:

  • Provisioned the lab environment
  • Created a Recovery Services vault
  • Implemented Azure virtual machine-level backup
  • Implemented File and Folder backup
  • Performed file recovery by using Azure Recovery Services agent
  • Performed file recovery by using Azure virtual machine snapshots
  • Reviewed the Azure Recovery Services soft delete functionality